IDEF0, a compound acronym is a function modeling methodology for describing manufacturing functions, which offers a functional modeling language for the. Overview. IDEFØ is a method designed to model the decisions, actions, and activities of an organization or system. IDEFØ was derived from a well- established. Function Modeling (IDEF0) as a Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS). to utilize the IDEF0 modeling technique, by implementors in.

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The United States Air Force commissioned the developers of SADT to develop a function modeling method for analyzing and communicating the functional perspective of a system. To express functions, boxes operate simultaneously with other boxes, with the interface arrows “constraining” when and how operations are triggered and controlled.

Step-by-step procedures are provided for tutoroal, review, and integration tasks. Formal training courses for transferring the methodology are available. The separation of organization ifef0 the function is included in the purpose of the model and carried out by the selection of functions and interface names during model development. Activities can be described by their inputs, outputs, controls, and mechanisms ICOMs.

Additionally, the description of the activities of a system can be easily refined into greater and greater detail until the model is as descriptive as necessary for the decision-making task at hand.

Beginning with raw data generally interview results with domain expertsthe modeler starts grouping together activities that are closely related or functionally similar. Through this grouping process, the hierarchy emerges. If an enterprise’s functional architecture is being ldef0 often referred to as TO-BE modelingtop-down construction is usually more appropriate.


Beginning with the top-most activity, the TO-BE enterprise can be described via a logical decomposition. The process can be continued recursively to the desired level of detail. When an existing enterprise is being analyzed and modeled often referred to as AS-IS modelingobserved activities can be described and then combined into a higher level activity.

IDEF0 – Part 1 (understanding it)

This process also continues until the highest level activity has been described. The activities may be placed in a left to right sequence within a decomposition and connected with the flows. It is natural to order the activities left to right because, if one activity outputs a idef00 that is used as input by another activity, drawing the activity boxes and concept connections is clearer.

In cases where activity sequences are not included in the model, readers of the model may be tempted to add such an interpretation. However, such abstraction also contributes to comprehension difficulties among readers outside the domain.

This particular problem has been addressed by the IDEF3 method. You must be logged in to post a comment. Diagrams based on simple box and arrow graphics.

English text labels to describe boxes and arrows and glossary and text to define the precise meanings of diagram elements.

The gradual exposition of detail featuring a hierarchical structure, with the major functions at the top and with successive levels of subfunctions revealing well-bounded detail breakout. A “node chart” that provides a quick index for locating details within the hierarchic structure of diagrams. The limitation of detail to no more than six subfunctions on each successive function.


Control of the details communicated at each level three to six function boxes at each level of a decomposition. Bounded Context no omissions or additional out-of-scope detail. Unique Labels and Titles no duplicated names. Syntax Rules for Graphics boxes and arrows.

IDEF0 – Part 1 (understanding it)

Data Arrow Branch Constraint labels for constraining the data flow on branches. Input versus Control Separation a rule for determining the role of data.

Data Arrow Label Requirements minimum labeling rules. Minimum Control of Function all functions require at least one control. Purpose and Viewpoint all models have a purpose and viewpoint statement. Methodology Step-by-step procedures are provided for modeling, review, and integration tasks. Organization versus Function The separation of organization from the function is included in the purpose of the model and carried out by the selection of functions and interface names during model development.

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