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Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Full text of ” A first book in Spanish; or, A practical introduction to the study of the Spanish language: The Spanish Language has never been so extensively taught or studi- ed in our country, as some other foreign languages: There is no other European language which can be so readily acquired by an Anglo- American, as the Spanish.
It contains but one sound that edscargar not almost, if not quite, its exact equivalent in English ; and this one can be very easily learned. UnHke English and French, it is not en- cumbered with silent letters one of the greatest obstacles in acquiring the dscargar pronunciation of those languages ; nor are its vowels or con- sonants liable viajedo any variation in the quality of their sound.
As to the proper syllable of a word to be accented in pronunciation, Spanish pre- sents to the learner no diflficuity whatever; and this renders it far more easy of acquirement than the Itilian.
Indeed, we cm hardly conceive of a 1 mguage more simple and philosophical in the principles of its orthoepy. In the departments of etymology and syntax, no modern language is more regular.
The exceptions to the general principles are few ; and many of these will be found to correspond to similar exceptions in the grammar of our own language, so that they present, of course, less diffi- culty to the Engl sh learner. Perhaps one chief reason why Spanish has not received as much atten- tion as some other modern tongues, is to be sigl in the fact that there has been a want of proper inducements in the shape of an elementary instruction-book, to introduce, as it were, the learner to nsuman language.
It has hitherto been a fault of most English Grammars of the Spanish lan- guage that they were either close translations of French-Spanish Gram- mars, and, of course, not adapted to the wants of English learners, or written by Spanish instructors, who however well acquainted with the principles of their own language, have not understood critically the pe- culiarities of English idioms and forms of construction.
To prove this assertion, viajerro need only refer the learned inquirer to the unauthorized manner in which they pronounce the particles jwrywe, atmque, si’no ; and To the practice of sooje nf them of using the coujuoction e before y whea a cojisooaat j thus, tUcya, IV. The system, now known as the method of Professsor Ollendorff, in which the language is taught before the grammatical principles, is not only a far more pleasant, andrfs also a far more thorough method of acquiring a practical knowledge of any foreign tongue.
We think, however, that Ollendorff adheres too closely to this latter method. To one who wishes merely to learn to converse in a foreign language, ” Ollendorff’s New Methods” furnish all that is necessary for this end ; but to those who wish to acquire the knowledge of a language both for practical and literary purposes, a work uniting both systems will be found most advantageous.
It is divided into six parts: Orthoepy and Orthography ; containing, in a very few pages, full directions for the right pronunciation and syllabication of the words of the language, adapted especially to those who are their own instruct- ors. General Principles of Etymology and Syntax, in which are taught the most general and important principles of the language.
A full exposition of Etymology and Syntax, in which the more minute rules and exceptions are clearly explained. Progressive Exercises in translating from Spanish into Eng” lish, and from English into Spanish according to the Method of ” con- stant imitation and repetition”which the learner commences simulta- neously with Part II. A Vocabulary of words used in the Reading Lessons, alphabet! It will thus be seen that this single volume supplies all that the begin- ner needs: V It is hoped, therefore, that any who have a desire to become acquainted with Spanish may be induced to enter upon the study of this delightful language, especially as any one acquainted with English Grammar, by following the directions, may, in a comparatively short time, be able to speak and read Castilian, without any other instructor than this ” First Book in Spanish.
Andres Neuman El Viajero Del Siglo Pdf
As the portion of our volume which contains the Grammar of the lan- guage may seem more limited in size than works on grammar in general, we deem it proper to state that not a single established rule or exception to a rule of Spanish Etymology or Syntax noticed in other English- Spanish Grammars, ahdres here omitted: Let any one compare the full and mmute explanations of the syntax of the verb, to fiajero about thirty pages are devoted in Part III.
The manner of using certain conjunctions pages —observations on the use of prepositions pages —the distinction between the verbs ser and estar pages —and the summary of the rules of gender of Spanish nouns with a list of exceptions pages —are portions of the work which will be found to be unusually full, and, we trust, satisfactory.
The rules we have adopted for distinguishing the gender of Spanish nouns, so far as they regard the terminations le, umbre, and w, have never before, to our know- ledge, appeared in any grammar of the language.
We here saw what seems to have been overlook- ed by others how the rules for distinguishing gender might be greatly simplified: Then follows a complete list of exceptions to these rules. If any other similar list has been pub lished, it is unknown to us. The Reading Lessons are chiefly specimens from living Spanish wri- ters. In order that the learner may become familiar with the different methods of spelling adopted by different writers, we have in general followed the orthography of the respective authors from whom the extracts are made.
It is a matter of regret that former Grammars, and even Scoane’s edition of Neuman and Baretti’s Spanish Dictionary, have approved of the erro- neous practice of accenting the particles jtJor9ue when it means ” because”aunque, and sino, on the last syllable.
This practice is not sanctioned by any respectable Castilian writer of prose or poetry, nor by any of the late editions of the D ictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy.
Porgue has the last syllable long only when it is used as an interrogative adverb or in the sense of ” why ;” thus: I can with truth say that I have never met with a work professing to teach any foreign language which combines so many excel- lent qualities, and is so well adapted lor all classes of learners.
It con- tains all th. Your plan of placing the pupil to reading Spanish as he progresses with the grammar, and especially your mode of constant reference ior the application of the rules of grammar, while it is all tlie more agreeable to the pupil, will be the means of thoroughly making him acqu tinted with the rules of Spanish etymology and syntax, without any very laborious effort on his part. Vll the knowledge of the Spanish literature, and this has, without doubt resulted from a want of proper books.
El viajero del siglo (Premio Alfaguara de novela 2009)
There will no longer be any reason for such an excuse. You have provided a book which, for its simplicity, distinctness, and completeness, in that which it professes to teach, could hardly be excelled. You deserve and will receive the warm- ddscargar thanks of every admirer of elegant Castilian: In conclusion, we will say that as we have endeavored to perform our task f tithfully, we trust that our work may contribute towards increas- ing the study of the classic language of Castile.
Idiomatic use of certain Adjectives and Verbs, with Prepositions. Section First to Section Seventeenth, with Rules and Remarks to illustrate various Idioms and peculiarities of construc- tion, – – -. Short Sentences, – – – – – II. The Weather, – IV.
The Country, – – – VI. Miscellaneous Sentences, – Second Section. Ga ling and Lo6ihg. Rewarding a dull writer.
Early Rising, – – – XII. Periodicals in the Uni- ted States.
Sagacity of a Dog, – – XV. The Kings of Former Times. Ambition to be Restrained. Pardon to Enemies, – – drl – Fourth Section, The First Steamboat at Barcelona, A. Pedro Lopez de Ayala. Epitome of the History of Spain. By Jos6 de Cadalso, XL. The Maiden of Narni. Extracts from another ” Manifiesto” of Santa- Anna Oct.
The Bear, Monkey, and Hog. Of these letters, a, e, i, o, u, are always vowels ; y is also a vowel when it ends a syllable or word, or when it stands alone: A, in Spanish, has the sound of a in the English word k far. E, has the sound of a in made or e in they. I, has the sound of ee in see or i in machine. Y, when vowel, has the same sound. U, has the sound of oo in mood or u in ritde. D, has not exactly the same sound in Spanish that it has in English.
In the latter, it is formed by touching the tongue to the roof of the mouth: GU, in the syllables gice and gui, unless there be a diaeresis see 60 over the u, is always sounded like the dfl g hard, as in the English words guest, guilt ; as, gueta, guita, pronounced gay’-tah, gee’-tah. When the diae- resis is over the u, it is not mute, but has its proper sound: G, before e or z, has always the guttural sound of the Viajerro y.
H, is never pronounced, but is always a silent letter ; as, hace, higo ; pronounced ah’-thay, ee-go. J, has always a guttural sound, somewhat like the English h in alcohol, strongly aspirated.
El viajero del siglo (Premio Alfaguara de novela ) pdf
But this is not an exact equivalent to the Spanish sound which is produced by breathing strongly as when one would give additional force to the h in aneresand, by an effort of the palate, mak- ing the air gently strike the roof of the mouth. If, again, we press the tongue against the roof of the mouth in the same way, and breathe forcibly without changing ts position, we produce the exact guttural sound of the Span- ish J.
K, is not used in Spanish, being found only in for- eign words when it is sounded like the same letter in English. R, is sometimes sounded smooth as in English, and sometimes rough or trilling, as with natives of Ireland.
In every other position it has the English, smooth sound. S, is always sounded as in the English words soon, this ; as, sedes ; pronounced say -dace. T, has nearly the same sound as in English. In Spanish, therefore, i has a somewhat softer sound than in English. V, is pronounced as in English, sig,o the sole excep- tion that the upper teeth are not pressed so strongly to the lower lip in enouncing this letter in Spanish.
X, in Spanish, had formerly two very different sounds: To distinguish these sounds, the vowel following the X, when not guttural, had a circumflex accent over it ; as, exdcto, e. The guttural sound of the x is not at present used, or at least very Sel- dom, in Spanish, as the letters J before any vowel and g before e and i have the same xescargar, and are now employed instead of the guttural x.
Thus, the words Mexico. Y, when a consonant, has the same sound in Spanish that it has in English in such words as youngs year. By the best Spanish writers, i is used instead of y when this last letter is a vowel, and not at the end of a word. X is, by many of the best writers, never used before a consonant, its place being supplied by the letter s. Thus exlenso, ezperto, are now often found spelled estenso. In addition to the above remarks, it is proper to state that, by the best writers, z is never employed before e or i, its place being sup- le with c: A very little attention to the above directions will remove every diffi- cultyVhich might otherwise occur in reading Spanish authors who do not adopt the same method of spelling.
The diphthongs and triphthongs in Spanish never contain any vowel sound descqrgar from those we have already given. When two or three vowels come together, they may be pronounced by a single effort or emission of the voice ; but each vowel in Spanish continues to retain al- ways its own particular sound, though the sounds glide into each other by being pronounced in the time of a single vowel.